National Performance Gaps

National Performance Gaps - Deriving the Expected

 

  GNP
per capita
Under-five
mortality rate 1994
% of children
reaching grade 5
% of under-five
children underweight
  $ 1994 Actual Expected Difference Actual Expected Difference Actual Expected Difference
SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA
Tanzania 90 159 223 +64 24 21 +3 29 43 +14
Kenya 260 90 147 +57 77 44 +33 23 32 +9
Rwanda 210 139 163 +24 60 39 +21 29 34 +5
Zimbabwe 490 81 102 +21 76 57 +19 16 26 +10
Eritrea 100 200 216 +16 25 23 +2 41 42 +1
Burundi 150 176 187 +11 53 32 +21 37 37 0
Mauritius 3180 23 29 +6 100 87 +13 24 10 -14
Togo 320 132 133 +1 50 48 +2 24 30 +6
Ethiopia 130 200 197 -3 15 29 -14 48 39 -9
Madagascar 230 164 156 -8 22 41 -19 32 33 +1
Uganda 200 185 166 -19 37 38 -1 23 34 +11
Ghana 430 131 111 -20 72 54 +18 27 27 0
Botswana 2800 54 31 -23 84 86 -2 15 11 -4
Zaire 220 186 159 -27 50 40 +10 35 33 -2
Malawi 140 221 192 -29 36 30 +6 27 38 +11
Senegal 610 115 86 -29 51 62 -11 20 24 +4
Cameroon 680 109 79 -30 66 64 +2 14 23 +9
Burkina Faso 300 169 137 -32 23 47 -24 30 30 0
South Africa 3010 68 30 -38 76 86 -10 9 11 +2
Namibia 2030 78 34 -44 82 84 -2 26 14 -12
Nigeria 280 191 142 -49 56 45 +11 36 31 -5
Cote d'Ivoire 510 150 99 -51 54 58 -4 12 25 +13
C.African Rep. 370 175 122 -53 44 51 -7 - - -
Mali 250 214 150 -64 26 43 -17 31 32 +1
Zambia 350 203 126 -77 67 50 +17 25 29 +4
Gambia 360 213 124 -89 67 51 +16 - - -
Mauritania 480 199 104 -95 63 57 +6 48 26 -22
Sierra Leone 150 284 187 -97 - - - 29 37 +8
Liberia 450 217 108 -109 - - - - - -
Niger 230 320 156 -164 23 41 -18 36 33 -3
Angola 700 - - - 34 65 -31 - - -
Benin 370 - - - 49 51 -2 - - -
Chad 190 - - - 27 37 -10 - - -
Congo 640 - - - 53 63 -10 24 23 -1
Gabon 3550 - - - 50 87 -37 - - -
Guinea 510 - - - 26 58 -32 - - -
Guinea-Bissau 240 - - - 20 42 -22 - - -
Lesotho 700 - - - 46 65 -19 21 22 +1
Mozambique 80 - - - 23 18 +5 - - -
Somalia 120 - - - 3 27 -24 - - -
MIDDLE EAST AND NORTH AFRICA
Yemen 280 112 142 +30 66 45 +21 30 31 +1
Egypt 710 52 76 +24 93 65 +28 9 22 +13
Jordan 1390 25 38 +13 78 80 -2 9 17 +8
Israel 14410 9 14 +5 96 94 +2 - - -
Syria 1160 38 39 +1 92 76 +16 12 18 +6
Tunisia 1800 34 35 +1 92 84 +8 10 15 +5
Kuwait 19040 14 12 -2 91 96 -5 - - -
Oman 5200 27 24 -3 85 89 -4 12 7 -5
Lebanon 2150 40 33 -7 - - - - - -
U. Arab Emirates 21430 20 10 -10 99 96 +3 - - -
Saudi Arabia 7240 36 21 -15 70 91 -21 - - -
Morocco 1150 56 39 -17 78 76 +2 9 18 +9
Iran 2200 51 33 -18 90 85 +5 16 13 -3
Sudan 480 122 104 -18 56 57 -1 34 26 -8
Iraq 1036 71 49 -22 66 73 -7 12 19 +7
Turkey 2450 55 32 -23 80 85 -5 10 12 +2
Algeria 1690 65 36 -29 92 83 +9 9 15 +6
Libya 5310 - - - - - - - - -
CENTRAL ASIA
Afghanistan - - - - - - - - - -
Armenia - - - - - - - - - -
Azerbaijan - - - - - - - - - -
Kazakstan - - - - - - - - - -
Kyrgyzstan - - - - - - - - - -
Tajikistan - - - - - - - - - -
Turkmenistan - - - - - - - - - -
Uzbekistan - - - - - - - - - -
ASIA and PACIFIC
Viet Nam 190 46 170 +124 58 37 +21 45 35 -10
Sri Lanka 640 19 83 +64 92 63 +29 38 23 -15
China 530 43 97 +54 88 59 +29 16 25 +9
Mongolia 340 76 128 +52 - - - 12 29 +17
Myanmar 220 109 159 +50 - - - 31 33 +2
Nepal 200 118 166 +48 52 38 +14 49 34 -15
Bangladesh 230 117 156 +39 47 41 +6 67 33 -34
Korea, Dem. 970 31 53 +22 - - - - - -
India 310 119 135 +16 62 47 +15 53 30 -23
Malaysia 3520 15 28 +13 92 87 +5 23 10 -13
Korea, Rep. 8220 9 20 +11 96 91 +5 - - -
New Zealand 13190 9 15 +6 94 94 0 - - -
Australia 17980 8 12 +4 99 95 +4 - - -
Hong Kong 21650 6 10 +4 99 96 +3 - - -
Singapore 23360 6 10 +4 100 97 +3 - - -
Thailand 2210 32 33 +1 88 85 +3 26 13 -13
Japan 34630 6 6 0 100 99 +1 - - -
Philippines 960 57 54 -3 67 72 -5 30 20 -10
Lao Rep. 320 138 133 -5 53 48 +5 40 30 -10
Cambodia 200 177 166 -11 - - - 40 34 -6
Indonesia 880 80 60 -20 92 70 +22 40 20 -20
Pakistan 440 137 110 -27 37 55 -18 40 27 -13
Bhutan 400 193 117 -76 24 53 -29 38 28 -10
Papua New Guinea 1160 - - - 66 76 -10 - - -
AMERICAS
Nicaragua 330 68 130 +62 54 49 +5 12 29 +17
Honduras 580 54 90 +36 41 61 -20 18 24 +6
Haiti 220 127 159 +32 12 40 -28 27 33 +6
Cuba 1170 10 39 +29 95 76 +19 - - -
Jamaica 1420 13 37 +24 96 80 +16 10 16 +6
Colombia 1620 19 36 +17 59 83 -24 10 15 +5
Costa Rica 2380 16 32 +16 88 85 +3 2 13 +11
Chile 3560 15 28 +13 93 87 +6 1 10 +9
Panama 2670 20 31 +11 82 86 -4 7 12 +5
Trinidad/Tobago 3740 20 28 +8 69 87 -18 7 9 +2
Venezuela 2760 24 31 +7 78 86 -8 6 11 +5
Uruguay 4650 21 26 +5 94 89 +5 7 8 +1
Canada 19570 8 11 +3 97 96 +1 - - -
Paraguay 1570 34 36 +2 74 82 -8 4 16 +12
US 25860 10 9 -1 94 97 -3 - - -
Mexico 4010 32 27 -5 84 88 -4 14 9 -5
Argentina 8060 27 20 -7 - - - - - -
Dominican Rep. 1320 45 38 -7 58 79 -21 10 17 +7
Ecuador 1310 57 38 -19 67 78 -11 17 17 0
El Salvador 1480 56 37 -19 58 81 -23 11 16 +5
Peru 1890 58 35 -23 76 84 -8 11 14 +3
Guatemala 1190 70 39 -31 41 76 -35 34 18 -16
Brazil 3370 61 29 -32 70 87 -17 7 10 +3
Bolivia 770 110 70 -40 60 67 -7 16 22 +6
EUROPE
Czech Rep. 3210 10 29 +19 98 87 +11 - - -
Slovakia 2230 15 33 +18 97 85 +12 - - -
Poland 2470 16 32 +16 96 85 +11 - - -
Hungary 3840 14 27 +13 98 88 +10 - - -
Slovenia 7140 8 21 +13 100 91 +9 - - -
Belarus 2160 21 33 +12 99 85 +14 - - -
Greece 7710 10 21 +11 93 91 +2 - - -
Ukraine 1570 25 36 +11 95 82 +13 - - -
Romania 1230 29 39 +10 88 77 +11 - - -
Estonia 2820 23 31 +8 89 86 +3 - - -
Ireland 13630 7 15 +8 96 94 +2 - - -
Portugal 9370 11 19 +8 - - - - - -
Finland 18850 5 12 +7 100 96 +4 - - -
Latvia 2290 26 33 +7 69 85 -16 - - -
Spain 13280 9 15 +6 96 94 +2 - - -
Sweden 23630 5 10 +5 98 97 +1 - - -
UK 18410 7 12 +5 - - - - - -
Italy 19270 8 12 +4 95 96 -1 - - -
Austria 24950 7 9 +2 97 97 0 - - -
Germany 25580 7 9 +2 95 97 -2 - - -
Netherlands 21970 8 10 +2 95 96 -1 - - -
Denmark 28110 7 8 +1 97 98 -1 - - -
France 23470 9 10 +1 94 97 -3 - - -
Belgium 22920 10 10 0 - - - - - -
Norway 26480 8 8 0 98 97 +1 - - -
Russian Fed. 2650 31 31 0 95 86 +9 - - -
Switzerland 37180 7 5 -2 95 99 -4 - - -
Albania - - - - - - - - - -
Bosnia/Herzegovina - - - - - - - - - -
Bulgaria - - - - - - - - - -
Croatia - - - - - - - - - -
Georgia - - - - - - - - - -
Lithuania - - - - - - - - - -
Moldova - - - - - - - - - -
TFYR Macedonia - - - - - - - - - -
Yugoslavia - - - - - - - - - -

 

 

Omitted Countries

National Performance Gaps use per capita GNP as an indicator of the level of economic development in each country. Drastic changes in GNP over a short period of time render this indicator unsuitable. Countries in which per capita GNP is unstable or has more than halved since 1990 (mainly the newly independent nations of the former Soviet bloc) are therefore omitted from these tables.