About 24,000 people die every day from hunger or
hunger-related causes. This is down from 35,000 ten years
ago, and 41,000 twenty years ago. Three-fourths of the
deaths are children under the age of five.
Today 10% of children in developing countries die before
the age of five. This is down from 28% fifty years ago.
Famine and wars cause just 10% of hunger deaths, although
these tend to be the ones you hear about most often. The
majority of hunger deaths are caused by chronic
malnutrition. Families simply cannot get enough to eat. This
in turn is caused by extreme poverty.
Besides death, chronic malnutrition also causes impaired
vision, listlessness, stunted growth, and greatly increased
susceptibility to disease. Severely malnourished people are
unable to function at even a basic level.
It is estimated that some 800 million people in the world
suffer from hunger and malnutrition, about 100 times as many
as those who actually die from it each year.
Often it takes just a few simple resources for
impoverished people to be able to grow enough food to become
self-sufficient. These resources include quality seeds,
appropriate tools, and access to water. Small improvements
in farming techniques and food storage methods are also
Many hunger experts believe that ultimately the best way
to reduce hunger is through education. Educated people are
best able to break out of the cycle of poverty that causes
Sources (by paragraph):
1. The Hunger Project, United Nations
3. The Institute for Food and Development Policy
4. United Nations World Food Program (WFP)
5. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
7. United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF)